The story of his emigration encapsulates his relation to the regime. On receiving an invitation to a conference on art pedagogy in Germany, Perneczky was provided with a service passport. He was a journalist at a weekly literal journal at the time, and the chief editor handed him the passport in person, saying “I have heard from ‘upper places’ that they would not be angry if you were not return from this journey, even your family would not be put at any disadvantage.” The editor in chief also said that, in his opinion, “you are young, you are talented, you are single, so I am sure you will succeed.”
After emigrating, Perneczky continued his artistic work with Concept Art, but he soon became disillusioned with the elitist approach of the gallery system. At the same time, got acquainted himself with people from the alternative scene of artistic publishing, which seemed a viable parallel universe. He joined the global mail art network, which was evolving at the time, and this led him to archiving and collecting. He became an active theoretician of the movement as well.
For decades, he taught drawing in a secondary school. In addition to authoring an array of publications on modern art, he also does artistic work with painting, concept art, photography, visual poetry, and artist books. His works have been shown in exhibitions in Europe and America. In the meantime, he established and maintained the Soft Geometry Archive. The brand Soft Geometry also publishes his books and bookworks.
Ferdinand Peroutka was a Czech journalist, writer and dramatist. After the First World War, he worked as an editor-in-chief of the Tribuna journal, and later wrote commentaries for the newspaper Lidové Noviny. In 1924 he founded the revue Přítomnost, and worked as its editor-in-chief until 1939. Peroutka was also the author of several books, for example the unfinished work Budování státu (Building of the State) about the birth of the first Czechoslovak Republic. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Peroutka was arrested and held in Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps until 1945. After the war, he was a member of the Czechoslovak Provisional National Assembly. Peroutka, who was an opponent of communism, was excluded from the Union of Czech Journalists and Union of Czech Writers in February 1948. Thus, he decided to emigrate to the West and he left Czechoslovakia in April 1948. He initially lived in Great Britain, and later moved to the USA. In the United States he participated in the foundation of Radio Free Europe, and in 1951 he was appointed director of its Czechoslovak section. He also became a member of the Council of Free Czechoslovakia, which represented Czechoslovak democratic politicians who left their country for exile after 1948. In exile, Peroutka continued with his literary activities as well. He published, among others, a novel entitled Oblak a valčík (The Cloud and the Waltz) based on his play of the same name. Nowadays, he is considered one of the most important Czech journalists of the twentieth century. Thus, since 1995 the “Ferdinand Peroutka Award” has been given to prominent journalists and publicists in the Czech Republic.
- New York, United States
Perović graduated from the Faculty of Law in 1978 in Podgorica. As a student, he was active in a number of social projects, including Mi youth magazine, Radio Cetinje, and ARS – Review of Culture, Art and Science. Perović was a member of the League of Communists of Montenegro and belonged to a younger, more liberal wing of the party. He was also co-founder and president of the Literary Municipality of Cetinje publishing house. He was driven to enter the publishing business by his interests in literature, poetry, and politics opposed to communist ideology, such as the issue of national politics.
The year 1988 was crucial for Slavko Perović. After his decision as the president of the Literary Municipality of Cetinje to publish the book Etnogenezofobija by Savo Brković, Perović was dismissed from his position there and from the editorial board of ARS, and it eventually led to the closure of the publishing house.
Because of his “inappropriate” political engagement, Slavko Perović was dismissed from his position as the Municipal Public Prosecutor, which he performed prior to the scandal with publishing Etnogenezofobija and expelled from the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Montenegro.
Throughout the 1990s, Perović participated in the anti-war movement that actively opposed Montenegrin involvement in the Yugoslav Wars.Perović withdrew from the LSCG after 2002 and now lives in Prague, but remains actively interested in further political developments in Montenegro.
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
Researcher on folk music and choreographer Ernő Pesovár was born on 5 September 1926 in Herend. He died on 2 March 2008 in Budapest.
He began pursuing studies in Budapest in 1946 and graduated with a degree in ethnology and museology in 1951. Gyula Ortutay, Lajos Vargyas, István Tálasi, and László Vajda were among his professors. He wrote his dissertation in 1966.In 1951, he began working in the museums of Makó, Kőszeg, and Balassagyarmat as an ethnologist and museologist. In 1952, he became a member of the Institute of Musicology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His field of research included dance folklore. He was also a professional dancer. He collected materials on folk dance with György Martin, and they became friends and close colleagues. Pesovár also supported the folklore revival movement in the 1970s and the folk dance house movement in Hungary, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden.
- Budapest, Hungary