- Cluj-Napoca, Romania
- Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities
- Operatora lomas:
The Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) is the main secret service in present day Romania. After the fall of the communist regime in December 1989, the Council of the National Salvation Front disbanded all the bodies of the former Securitate and decided the transfer of the remaining intelligence units from the Ministry of Internal Affairs to the Ministry of National Defence. By Decree no. 181 of 26 March 1990, the SRI was set up as a state institution specialised in gathering intelligence on issues relating to national security (Monografia SRI, 61, 68). In 1991, the Romanian Parliament passed Law no. 51 on the National Security of Romania, which defined the threats to national security, identified the other bodies with competences in national security issues and created the Supreme Council for National Defense (CSAT) as a coordinating body for all intelligence activities in Romania. The director of SRI, who is appointed by the Parliament at the proposal of the president of Romania, is a member of the CSAT. Law no. 14 of 24 February 1992 on the Organisation and Functioning of the SRI defined its main tasks in information gathering and its responsibilities in defending state secrets. (Monografia SRI, 61–70, 104). The internal structure of the SRI underwent several reorganisations (in 2001, 2008, 2010), while its profile changed in view of Romania’s integration into European Union and NATO (Monografia SRI, 57–341).
One of the main objectives of the SRI was its reorganisation so that its break with the former Securitate would not remain a merely formal one. Gradually, a new generation of officers trained at the SRI’s educational institutions or recruited from civilian faculties replaced the old personnel. As the formal heir of the communist Securitate, the SRI became the legal owner of the Securitate archives. After the creation of the National Council for the Study of Securitate Archive (known as CNSAS) in 1999, the SRI reluctantly began the transfer of the Securitate documents to the newly created body. Due to a series of decisions by the CSAT, in 2005 the transfer of Securitate files to the CNSAS accelerated significantly. In the following years, the SRI continued to declassify and transfer to the CNSAS the files created by its institutional predecessor. According to the published Monograph of the SRI, between 2006 and 2014, over 90% of the Securitate documents were handed over to the CNSAS. In 2015, at the end of its first 25 years of activity, the SRI announced that some 99% of the files it had inherited in 1990 were in the custody of the CNSAS (Monografia SRI, 159–160, 209, 234–235, 248, 281, 340–341).
- Bucharest, Romania
- Romanian Intelligence Service
- Aktionsgruppe Banat Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Censored Theatre and Cinema Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Confiscated Manuscripts Collection at CNSAS
- Cornel Chiriac and Fans of Alternative Music Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Doina Cornea Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Ellenpontok Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Goma Movement Ad-Hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Herta Müller Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Romanian Greek Catholic Church Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Transnational Roma Networks Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Varieties of Religious Dissent Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Youth Subcultures Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Éva Cseke-Gyimesi Ad-hoc Collection at CNSAS
- Galvenais dalībnieks:
The Romanian Order of Architects–Braşov, Covasna, and Harghita Branch (Ordinul Arhitecţilor din România–Filiala Teritorială Braşov, Covasna, Harghita, or in short OAR–BV–CV–HR) was founded in 2001 as an autonomous branch of the Romanian Order of Architects (Ordinul Arhitecţilor din România) and gathers the architects from the three counties mentioned in the title and located in south-eastern part of Transylvania. The headquarters of OAR–BV–CV–HR is in the city of Braşov. OAR–BV–CV–HR aims at promoting good practice in the field of the architecture by encouraging those architectural solutions that are compatible with the protection of the cultural and natural heritage of the south-eastern part of Transylvania and protecting the rights of Romanian architects. In this respect, OAR–BV–CV–HR has fought against various projects that endangered the cultural and natural heritage in the this region. For example, in May 2014, OAR–BV–CV–HR protested against the project promoted by the local authorities of Braşov by which a new car park was to be build in the vicinity of the medieval fortifications of the city.
In June 2016, as part of the Oraşul Memorabil (The Memorable City) project, OAR–BV–CV–HR organised the exhibition entitled Arhitectura industrială în Brașov, 1880-1940 (Industrial architecture in Braşov, 1880–1940), which was funded by the local authorities of Braşov and from the architectural stamp tax collected and administrated by the Romanian Order of Architects. This exhibition brought to the fore the industrial architecture of the city as valuable part of the city’s cultural heritage in the context of the massive destruction produced after 1989 by real estate projects in Braşov.
The Contemporary History Section is part of the Modern and Contemporary History Department, established in 1965. The long years of accumulation by the museum’s curators covers the political, economic, cultural and everyday life of Rousse during the period of socialism and post-socialism. The newest tendency in the collecting work of the section is the recording of oral narratives from the period of socialism and democracy, using the "oral history" method for their storing and examination. The overall fund collection of the section contains an inventory of approximately 10 000 pieces, and also includes the following collections:
- badges, awards and medals
- signs of the socialist landscape
- technology from the socialist period – radios, televisions, typewriters, projectors, etc.
- belongings of notable people from Rousse, like Konstantin Dimchev (actor), Stefan Vachev (director of the Youth Symphonic Orchestra), etc.
- materials related to the history of the Bulgarian River Shipping Company – uniforms, documents, photos
- documents and pictures, representing the history of the Youth Brigade Movement
- images, related to the development of industry and agriculture in Rousse and the region
- printed materials and images from the First International Music Festival “March Music Days” in Rousse
- images related to the ecological protests in Rousse, which resulted in the demands for democratic changes in Bulgaria
- election materials from the period of democratic rule
- documents, belongings and video recordings, related to the history of those persecuted by the Communist regime and of the Goryansko Movement.
The research activity of the specialists covers issues of political, cultural and public life in Rousse and the region, as well as an ethnological research on the problems of the everyday culture in the industrial town. Two main collections directly connected with the cultural opposition to the socialist regime are held at the Museum: the collection "Ecological Protests against Chlorine Pollution" and the collection "Angry Young Poets", devoted to the resistance and opposition of poets in Rousse during the 1960s.
The section has no permanent exhibition, but presents different temporary exhibitions, part of which are devoted primarily to the socialist period: “The Political Poster”, "The Bureau of the Dictator", etc.
- Bulgaria, 7000 Rousse, “Al. Battenberg” Sq. 3
- Rousse Regional Museum of History
- Radītāja lomas:
- Operatora lomas:
- Galvenais dalībnieks:
First two years the squat was busy with renovation and adaptation works. In 1995 the first concerts took place there. In 1997 the Poznan Anarchist Library was founded in the squat, and the regular events has become the Freedom Gathering (Biesiady Wolnościowe). Since this year Rozbrat is also an informal headquarter of Poznan’s section of the Anarchist Federation. In 2000 the Anarchist Club was founded. In the 1990s Rozbrat was a center of alternative culture (of concerts, exhibitions, meetings, poetry readings, etc.), however in the 2000s – with the influence of international alter-globalist movement – it started to focus mostly on some socio-political goals. This change should be seen in a broader context of atrophy of alternative culture in the late 1990s and ideological clashes within the anarchist movement in Poland. In the 1990s the individualistic and libertarian attitudes were dominant, and the most important issues were of cultural, artistic and philosophical nature. At the beginning of a new decade, predominance was on the side of anarchists concerned with leftists and social issues, with willingness for political fight. Since then, Rozbrat has been a centre hosting law, ecological, antifascist, and tenant initiatives.
The squat’s collective has been following the rules of self-governance and radical democracy – as a rule rejecting any subsidies, grants, patronages, and commercial activities. The Poznan Anarchist Library is one of many activities conducted in the squat and subjected to decisions of the collective.